On 12 December 2013, a Green Economy Stakeholder Coordination Meeting was in follow up to the first meeting held on 22 October 2013. The Government of Indonesia is currently preparing the next 5-year Mid-Term Development Plan, as well as working towards greening its development planning processes, and developing a Green Growth framework. The meeting provided an opportunity for key stakeholders from the Government of Indonesia, civil society, bilateral and multilateral organisations, and the private sector to share their on-going work and experiences.
The meeting was opened by Mr. Satya Tripathi, Director of UNORCID, who emphasised the importance of dialogue and exchange to avoid overlaps and fill existing gaps in Green Economy mainstreaming activities.
Mr. Pavan Sukhdev, UNEP Goodwill Ambassador then presented his work on a Green Economy transition in Indonesia, and emphasised that Green Economy should be understood as a means to reach both high human development and low environmental impact. He introduced participants to several “Green Economy success stories”, before focusing on Indonesia and the ‘Indonesia-Green Economy Model (I-GEM model), which provides a methodology for describing and measuring the impact of Green Economy interventions in Indonesia. He further described how the green economy transition in Indonesia is aligned with the country’s existing development objectives (pro-growth, pro-job, pro-poor, pro-environment), using Green GDP, Decent Green Jobs and the GDP of the Poor as Green Economy indicators. To conclude his presentation, Mr. Sukdhev cited the example of Central Kalimantan, and argued there were several possible alternatives for Green Economy interventions for the Province, such as REDD+ payments, sustainable forestry and resource extraction, ecotourism, and sustainable palm oil. Mr. Sukhdev also argued that cities are a critical focus for the green economy transition, as they are magnets of development. He used the city of Manaus (Brazil) as an example of a city with a dynamic economy that co-exists with the preservation of forest and other ecosystem services, and concluded that cities close in size and population in Central Kalimantan could follow a similar development trajectory.
Representatives from several development agencies then presented projects and programmes contributing to mainstreaming green economy principles in development planning processes. Mr. Chris Stephens and Ms. Maria Ratnaningsih first introduced participants to the GoI – GGGI Green Growth Programme and how it is framed around three components: “Greening the planning process”, “REDD+ for Green Growth”, and “Regional engagement.”
Mr. Heinz Terhorst and Ms. Dian Vitriani then underlined the role of “facilitator” borne by GIZ with investments in knowledge sharing, capacity building, piloting, improved networking, upscaling of piloting, consultations, roundatbles, etc. With regards to the five ongoing GIZ programmes in Indonesia, it was mentioned that GIZ was currently finalising a report summarising GIZ activities contributing to the transition to a Green Economy in Indonesia. They went on to present in greater detail the FORCLIME and RED programmes, and stressed the importance and need for increased networking and experience exchange among Green Economy stakeholders at provincial and national levels.
The UK Low Carbon Support Programme to the Ministry of Finance was then presented by Mr. James Lamont (UKCCU), who explained the focus of the programme lies with the macroeconomic and fiscal policy levels of the Ministry of Finance, with the Centre for Climate Change Financing and Multilateral Policy (PKPPIM), and the Indonesian Investment Agency (PIP) as main counterparts. Mr. Lamont explained that reduced fuel/energy subsidies, effective feed-in tariffs and coherent policies and price signals for renewable energy, as well as low carbon fiscal packages in budgets were the programme’s targeted impacts. He also provided information with regards to targeted outcomes, which include fiscal policies designed and implemented for low carbon, fiscal policies for green budget/economy, and expanded funding for low carbon investment.
The meeting ended with a presentation from Mr. Peter Oksen (DANIDA) on the Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Master Plan for Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia’s Economic Development (MP3EI). He explained the objectives of the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) were to align MP3EI with sustainability goals, and provide inputs for the Mid-Term Development Plan (RPJMN). Mr. Oksen defined the main steps followed by the SEA (pre-scoping, scoping, analysis of impacts, formulation of mitigation measures, compilation of SEA Report), before analysing the general challenges encountered by the programme, as well as the next steps to be followed.
Please find links to the presentations below as well as in the UNORCID document library.
Green Economy for Indonesia (Mr. Pavan Sukhdev)
GoI – GGGI Green Growth Program
GIZ Green RED Program
GIZ FORCLIME’s approach and activities in the context of Indonesia’s transition to a Green Economy
UK, LCS Programme Overview
MP3EI Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
For further information, please contact:
Mr. Johan Kieft
Head of Green Economy Unit, UNORCID